Responsive Web Design

The 21st century brought a lot of different devices with itself. There are computers, smartphones, tablets and so on. Therefore designing a webpage for only computers is not enough if you want to give your online customers a blissful experience. You should try to achieve a responsive web design to make your site look and perform at its best on any device. If popular brands come up with new inventions and devices, the list will go on further and responsive web design will become more relevant. What is Responsive Web Design? Responsive web design is an approach to building a page that utilizes layouts and images that are flexible. The goal of responsive web design is to create web pages that can determine the screen size, resolution and orientation of the device to adjust the layout accordingly. Responsive web design is a write once and runs everywhere type of web design rather than building separate sites or expensive apps while spending too much money and resources. With responsive web design, each element fluidly adapts to every screen size making your website easy to manage, cost-effective and future-proof. Web design and mobile phones A lot of mobile browsers will usually take your website and scale it proportionally to the device’s screen width. The problem is, a webpage can look fantastic on a desktop computer or a laptop. The annoying thing is a user should pinch and zoom about to navigate a site. Clicking on a link is also a nightmare because you should zoom in to tap on a link which is not fast or comfortable. When you pull out a mobile phone and load up content on the web, the chances are that you will run into one of three different experiences. The first and the most likely scenario is that you will see the desktop variant of a site which is quite uncomfortable to navigate. The second scenario is that you will get a mobile website which lacks lots of functions and content compared to the desktop version. But you can also run into responsive web design that reflows and repositions content based on the width of the browser. We are going to touch upon three different things here: Reflowing Content Relative Sizing Breakpoints (Media Queries) Reflowing Content and Relative Sizing Let’s imagine a relatively simple layout with a heading, an image, and a paragraph. When changing the viewport of the browser, the texts and paragraphs will adjust to the size but the image will get stuck at the same size and will not adapt to the new format of the browser. It takes us to relative sizing. Using relative sizing the images are set to relative percentages so when the width of the screen changes, the photos will also adapt accordingly. The image’s width will be based on the size of its parent element. However, the images on the webpage can be cut off and not give a user the desired look because layouts are more complex than they seem. Breakpoints (Media Queries) However, there is a great solution called breakpoints or just media queries - something that lets us not only reflow but also modify the design and the layout based on the width of our viewport. There is no need to create new elements while using breakpoints. The responsive web design will help you keep the same elements. You will only adjust their styling as you move through these media queries or breakpoints.

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